Belém, Pará, Brazil
"Reencontros", temporary exhibition with pieces from the museum's ethnographic and archaeological collections. Photo: Publicity/Paula Sampaio
Founded in 1866, this research organization develops activities aimed at the scientific study of the natural and sociocultural systems of the Amazon. Built in 1879, the former residence of the museum’s one-time director, Swiss zoologist Emilio Goeldi (1859-1917), houses temporary exhibitions from the institution’s archaeological and ethnographic collections. The former, with about 120,000 objects and two million fragments from various regions of the Amazon, is made up of collections of archaeological ceramics (such as canisters and funeral urns) and lithic artifacts (such as arrowheads and ax blades), and more. The ethnographic collection includes more than 15 thousand objects from 120 indigenous peoples, particularly those from the Brazilian Amazon, but also from Peru and Colombia. In addition, the museum also holds pieces from traditional Brazilian communities, such as riverside populations, and a collection of African objects that arrived in the country at the end of the 19th century.