C& Latin America: The title of you master’s thesis is Ethno-vision: the Indigenous Gaze Through the Lens. I’d like you to tell us a little about how you understand “ethno-vision” and how it can be transmitted through the camera lens.
Edgar Kanaykõ: When I first started my master’s, people asked me if I did photography because I was studying anthropology. But actually it was the opposite, I was already involved in the audiovisual movement in indigenous communities, but I started the master’s program to be able to understand how anthropology might contribute to my work. And the primary method of anthropology is ethnography. Ethno-vision, in this sense, is the gaze of a people, as an Indigenous person of the Xakriabá people, exercising a critical eye on worldviews within academia. The gaze that comes through the lens is precisely the relationship we create with our community, with the reservation. And to me, that’s what makes a picture good or bad. It’s not just a matter of aesthetics, but an ethical and ethnic issue.