Coloniality is, therefore, the legacy of colonialism that shapes modern structures and institutions. According to the professor, in addition to shaping institutions, colonial heritage also enters mentalities, imaginaries, subjectivities and epistemologies, giving form and content to current societies. Coloniality, a constitutive part of modernity, “is found in every sphere of social existence: in work, in sex, in subjectivity, in authority, in Eurocentric knowledge, and is linked to various types of hierarchies: ethnic, racial, sexual, gender, knowledge, language, religions; therefore, coloniality involves a complex system.”
The idea of decolonial thinking, which supports studies on modernity and coloniality, is to seek other paths than those imposed by this system that ignores traditional knowledge. A kind of return to the origins with respect to ancestral knowledge and ways of doing. According to Eliene Amorim, this modernity/coloniality group understands that, in addition to the coloniality of power, there are also dimensions of knowledge, being and nature.
The Modernity/Coloniality Network brings together intellectuals from different countries and areas of knowledge who have been researching Latin America and addressing these issues since the 1990s. According to Eliene Amorim, the group views Latin America not only as a geographic space, but as a sociopolitical, cultural and epistemic territory forged by colonialism.