Martínez Ayala, Jorge Amós, ¡Epa! Toro Prieto. Los “Toritos de Petate”. Una tradición de origen africano traída a Valladolid por los esclavos de lengua Bantú en el siglo XVI (Hey! Toro Prieto. The “Toritos de Petate”. A Tradition of African Origin Brought to Valladolid by Slaves of the Bantu Language in the 16th Century).
This is one of the only existing publications about the Torito de Petate, the Michoacán tradition celebrated each year during carnival. This dance of the bull has its origins in the rites practiced by enslaved Bantu-speaking people between 1580 and 1640 who were brought from Angola, Congo and Mozambique. The publication is also complemented by a documentary: Ecos del Torito de Petate en Cuitzeo (Echos of the Torito de Petate in Cuitzeo), in which several experts give their opinion on the dance which has changed over the years and taken on several meanings.
Cruz Carretero, Sagrario, Martínez Maranto, Alfredo, et al., El carnaval en Yanga. Notas y comentarios sobre una fiesta de la negritud (The Carnaval in Yanga. Notes and Comments on a Negritude Festival).
This small 47-page booklet dating from the 1990s documents the decades-long survival of the Carnaval de Yanga which lays claim to the African heritage of the inhabitants of the city of Yanga in the state of Veracruz recalling the political, legal and social conquest of Afro-Mexican ancestors who had founded the first free Black town in colonial America. The celebration is still held in August in memory of San Lorenzo de Los Negros, a maroon slave who had founded the region’s plantations and sugar mills.